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Ultrasonic Sensors for high temperature Molten Processes

Krishnan Balasubramaniam,
Currently a Visiting Faculty at Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, India
Mississippi State University, Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory,
P.O. Box 9550, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.
Gary Boudreaux
Mississippi State University, Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory,
P.O. Box 9550, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.
Contact

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

TIME-TEMPERATURE MODEL

THE IMPEDANCE MODEL FOR REFLECTION FACTOR

RESULTS

SUMMARY

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

REFERENCES

  1. Balasubramaniam, K., V. V. Shah, D. Costley, G. Bourdeaux, and J. P. Singh, "High Temperature Ultrasonic Sensor for the Simultaneous Measurement of Viscosity and Temperature of Melts," Review of Scientific Instruments, 70(12), pp. 1-6, (1999)
  2. Balasubramaniam, K, V. V. Shah, G. Boudreaux, R. D. Costley, C. Menezes, and J. P. Singh, Temperature and Viscosity in-situ Sensor for Hostile Processes," Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 18B, pp.1163-1170, (1999).
  3. V. V. Shah, K. Balasubramaniam, R. D. Costley, and J. P. Singh, " Sensor Development for High Temperature Viscosity Measurement," Review of Progress in Quantitative Non-destructive Evaluation,(Ed. D.O. Thompson and D. E. Chimenti), Plenum Press, N.Y., Vol. 17A, pp. 859- 866, (1998).
  4. Shah, V.V., and K. Balasubramaniam, "Effect of viscosity on ultrasound wave reflection from a solid/liquid interface," Ultrasonics, Vol. 34, No. 8, pp. 817-24, (1996)
  5. Mason W P and McSkimin H J, " Mechanical properties of polymers at ultrasonic frequencies ", Bell Systems Tech. J., Vol. 31, 1952, pp 122-71.
  6. Moore R S and McSkimin H J, "Dynamic shear properties of solvents and polystyrene solutions from 20 to 300 MHZ ", Physical Acoustics, Vol. 6, ed. Mason, W. P., Academic Press, New York, 1970, pp 167-243.
  7. Sheen, S. H., H,-T. Chien, and A. C. Raptis, "An In-Line Ultrasonic Viscometer", Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 14A, pp.1151-57, (1995).
  8. S. H. Sheen, H. T. Chien and A. C. Raptis, " Measurement of shear impedances of viscoelastic fluids, " IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, (IEEE, New York, 1996) 1, p. 453.

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