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Non-Destructive Techniques Used in Materials Conservation

Christine Ianna, Senior Conservator, Queensland Museum



Visual Examination


Special Illumination

Ultraviolet Fluorescence (Dorrell,1989)


Computed Tomography




  1. Bamberger, JA; Howe, EL & Wheeler G. (1999) A variant Oddy test procedure for evaluating materials used in storage and display cases, Studies in Conservation 44 pp. 86-90
  2. Cronyn, J.M. (1990) Elements of Archaeological Conservation, Routledge, London, pp. 58-68
  3. Dorrell, Peter (1989) Photography In Archaeology And Conservation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.199-208
  4. D'Urso, Paul (1995), SLA Biomodelling Speeds Patient Recovery, The Edge-Competitive advantage through Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing, pp 6-7
  5. Feigl, Fritz and Anger, Vincenz (1988) Spot Tests in Inorganic Analysis, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam
  6. Feigl, Fritz and Anger, Vincenz (1989) Spot Tests in Organic Analysis, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam
  7. Fenn, J. (1995) Secret Sabotage: reassessing the role of museum plastics display and storage, Resins Ancient and Modern, preprints of the SSCR 2nd Resin Conference SSCR: Edinburgh pp. 38-41
  8. Fleming, Stuart J.(1975) Authenticity in Art- the Scientific Detection of Forgery Institute of Physics, Bristol, pp.27-66
  9. Graham, Daniel and Eddie, Thomas (1985) X-ray techniques in Art Galleries and Museums, Adam Hilger Ltd, Bristol, pp.1-6
  10. Green, LR & Thickett, D. (1995) Testing materials for use in the storage and display of antiquities - a revised methodology , Studies in Conservation 40 pp. 145-152
  11. Hatchfield, Pamela and Carpenter, Jane(1987) Formaldehyde: How great is the danger to museum collections? Centre for Conservation and Technical Studies, Harvard University Art Museums, Harvard, pp.1-11
  12. Hopwood, WR. (1979) Choosing materials for prolonged proximity to museum objects , Preprints 7th Annual meeting AIC Toronto, Canada pp. 44-49
  13. Williams, Scott R.(1989) The Bilstein Test, A Simple Test To Screen Organic And Polymeric Materials For The Presence Of Chlorine, Canadian Conservation Institute Notes, 17/1
  14. Zhang, J; Thickett, D. & Green L. (1994) Two tests for the detection of volatile organic acids and formaldehyde, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 33 pp. 47-53

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