NDT.net - October 1998, Vol.3 No.10

Table of Contents ECNDT '98

Session: Chemical, Petrochemical

Controlling Ultrasonic-Inspection Intervals by Monitoring Hydrogen Permeation

Peter Bo Mortensen, Curt Christensen, Carsten Peyk

*Corresponding Author Contact:
FORCE Institute, Park Allé 345, DK-2605 Broendby, Denmark, +45 43 26 70 00, +45 43 26 70 11, info@force.dk, http://www.force.dk

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract

Introduction

Significance of Hydrogen Concentration in the Steel

Significance of Environment

Monitoring of Environment Severity

Summary

References

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  2. N.J. Petch and P. Stables. "A Decohesion Theory for Hydrogen-Induced Cracks Propagation". Nature 169 (1952) 587.
  3. R.A. Oriani. "Stress Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Iron Base Alloys". NACE 5, Houston, 1977.
  4. C.D. Beachem. "Electron Fractographic Support for a New Model for Hydrogen-Assisted Cracking". Stress Corosion Cracking and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Iron Base Alloys, NACE 5, Houston, 1977.
  5. R.K. Poepperling, W. Schwenk. Werkstoffe und Korrosion, Vol. 30, p. 603 (1979).
  6. C.G. Interante. Proceedings of the First Int. Conference: "Hydrogen Problems in Steels", ASM, 1982.
  7. R.T. Hill and M. Iino. Proc. 1st International Conference: "Current Solution to Hydrogen Problems in Steel". Washington DC, November 1.-5., 1982, ASM.
  8. K. Amano, F. Kawabata, M. Kimura, T. Obinata. Unpublished paper. February 1989, Kawasaki Steel Corporation.
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  11. G.M. Pressoure. Proceedings of the First Int. Conf. "Hydrogen Problems in Steels", ASM, 1982.
  12. NKK Technical Bulletin, No. 243-074. "Sulphide Corrosion Cracking of Welded Line Pipe in Sour as Service". June, 1982, Japan.
  13. M.G. Hay. 39th Annual Technical meeting of Petroleum Society of CIM. Paper No. 88-39-115. Calgary, June 12.-16., 1988.
  14. C. Christensen, H. Arup, R.T. Hill. Corrosion/89, Paper No. 477.
  15. T. Taira, Y. Kobayashi, K. Ume, T. Hyodo, N. Seki, T. Nakazawa. Corrosion/83, Paper No. 156.
  16. H. Baethmann, M. Graef, B. Hoh, J. Kleinen, R. Poepperling. Corrosion/84, Paper No. 203.
  17. M. Iino, T. Sawamura, M. Shimizu, M. Kimura, T. Hyodo. 2nd International Two Day Conference on Sour Service in the Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industries. May 1987, London.
  18. G. Wilken. Corrosion/83, Paper No. 158.
  19. J.L. Crolet and M.R. Bonis. Corrosion/82, Paper No. 123.
  20. D. Petelot, M.F. Galis, A. Sulmont. Corrosion/86, Paper No. 165.
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