·Table of Contents
·Civil Engineering

Ultrasound Technique for Quality Control of Cementitious Materials

Institute of Construction Materials (IWB), University of Stuttgart, Germany, Tel. ++49 711 6856786, Fax. ++49 711 6856797, Email : grosse@iwb.uni-stuttgart.de




Ultrasound measurements -physical background

Analyzing techniques


Conclusions and outlook



  1. Biot, M. A.: Theory of propagation of elastic waves in a fluid saturated porous solid. Low-frequency range. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 28 (1956), pp 168-178, Higher-frequency range, pp 179-191.
  2. Bohnert, J.: Untersuchung der Ultraschallwellenausbreitung in Frischbeton. Diploma Thesis, Geophysical Institute, University of Karlsruhe, Nov. 1996.
  3. Boutin, C., Arnaud, L.: Mechanical characterization of heterogeneous materials during setting. Eur. J. Mech., A/Solids 14, no. 4 (1995), pp 633-656.
  4. D´Angelo, R., Plona, T.J., Schwarte, L.M., Coveney, P.: Ultrasonic measurements on hydrating cement studies. Advanced Cement Based Materials 2 (1995), no. 1, pp 8-14.
  5. Grosse, C., H.-W. Reinhardt: Continuous ultrasound measurements during setting and hardening of concrete. Otto-Graf-Journal 5 (1994), pp 76-98.
  6. Grosse, C., H.-W. Reinhardt: Entwicklung eines Algorithmus zur automatischen Lokalisierung von Schallemissionsquellen. Die Materialprüfung 41 (1999), pp 342-347.
  7. Fischer, J. C.: US-Messungen an Frischbeton. Diploma Thesis, Institute of Construction Materials, University of Stuttgart, Oct. 1991.
  8. Herb, A.: Frischbeton: Korrelation zwischen Ergebnissen klassischer Konsistenzmessungen und Ultraschall-Verfahren. Diploma Thesis, Institute of Construction Materials, University of Stuttgart, Oct. 1996.
  9. Öztürk, T., Rapoport, J., Popovics, J.S., Shah, S. P.: Monitoring the setting and hardening of cement-based materials with ultrasound. Concrete Sci. and Eng. 1 (1999), No. 2, pp 83-91.
  10. Reinhardt, H.-W., C. Grosse: Setting and hardening of concrete continously monitored by elastic waves. Proc. of the Int. RILEM Conference "Production methods and workability of concrete", Paisley/Schottland (1996), pp 415-425.
  11. Reinhardt, H.-W., C. Grosse, B. Weiler, J. Bohnert, N. Windisch: P-Wave propagation in setting and hardening concrete. Otto-Graf-Journal 7 (1996), pp181-189.
  12. Reinhardt, H.-W., C. Grosse, A. Herb, B. Weiler, G. Schmidt: Verfahren zur Untersuchung eines erstarrenden und/oder erhärtenden Werkstoffs mittels Ultraschall. Patent pending under no. 198 56 259.4, Deutschen Patentamt, München (1999).
  13. Reinhardt, H.-W., C. Grosse, A. Herb: Kontinuierliche Ultraschallmessung während des Erstarrens und Erhärtens von Beton als Werkzeug des Qualitätsmanagements. Hefte des Deutschen Ausschusses für Stahlbeton (DAfStb) 490 (1999), pp 21-64.
  14. Sayers, C. M., Dahlin, A.: Propagation of ultrasound through hydrating cement pastes at early ages. Advanced Cement Based Materials 1 (1993), no. 1, pp 12-21.
  15. Valic, M. I., Stepisnik, J.: An ultrasonic shear wave apparatus and its applications in material research. In: Proc. 34th Int. Conf. MIDEM, Rogaska Slatina 1998, pp 65-70.

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