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- since 1996 -

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was founded in 1984 and develops special ultrasonic imaging systems for high-tech materials.
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Ali
NDT Inspector,
Iran, Joined Mar 2013, 97

Ali

NDT Inspector,
Iran,
Joined Mar 2013
97
08:24 Jan-03-2015
Photoelastic Visualisation of Phased Array Sound Fields: Part 19 – Formation of grating lobes
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Ed Ginzel
R & D, -
Materials Research Institute, Canada, Joined Nov 1998, 1268

Ed Ginzel

R & D, -
Materials Research Institute,
Canada,
Joined Nov 1998
1268
19:40 Jan-03-2015
Re: Photoelastic Visualisation of Phased Array Sound Fields: Part 19 – Formation of grating lobes
In Reply to Ali at 08:24 Jan-03-2015 (Opening).

An explanation of grating lobes is presented in the Jan 2015 edition of NDT.net.
http://www.ndt.net/article/ndtnet/2015/2_Ginzel.pdf
Several people deserve special thanks. First I would like to thank Rolf Diederichs for publishing the material. By means of the combined formats of written word and video imaging, Rolf has managed to make the NDT.net noticeably superior to the traditional hard-copy journals available to readers.
The idea to produce an explanation of grating lobes is thanks to Ali Golshani. Ali asked me if it would be possible to see grating lobes using photoelastic visualisation. For many years, PAUT instructors have simply stated the sort of explanation provided in the official definitions, i.e. "parasitic replications of the main beam caused by spatial under sampling (pitch between elements compared to wavelength)". This has not been very helpful for students to understand their origin. At the time Ali asked me I was not sure it could be done...I hope the explanation has met his expectations.
As with so many of my projects, I again resorted to Civa to help with my explanation and personal understanding of acoustic phenomena. Using Civa, I was able to configure a delay law that would produce a pronounced grating lobe with the limited selection of phased-array probes I have. I would like to thank the good people of the CEA and EXTENDE for their ongoing help with my use of Civa.
Finally, the video of a simple 74° beam in transverse mode is in itself not a great illustration of the lobes that form. In order to illustrate how constructive interference causes the lobes I used a technique of image addition first developed by Dr. Till Schmitte. I would like to thank Till for pointing out this very useful tool of image processing.

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