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- since 1996 -

Ultrasonic Sciences Ltd
We specialize in the design and manufacture of automated and semi-automated ultrasonic testing systems, including multi axis, multi channels systems and phased array electronics.

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Technical Discussions
mjafari
mjafari
19:24 Apr-29-2009
UT Scans

What does A, B, and C stands for in UT scans?
Does A stands for Analog or Amplitude?

    
 
 
TomNelligan
Engineering,
retired, USA, Joined Nov 1998, 390

TomNelligan

Engineering,
retired,
USA,
Joined Nov 1998
390
23:01 Apr-29-2009
Re: UT Scans
In Reply to mjafari at 19:24 Apr-29-2009 (Opening).

A-scan = RF or rectified waveform
B-scan = profile view
C-scan = planar view (like an x-ray)

You might want to check the "Imaging Basics" section of our phased array tutorial for some examples of each. See http://www.olympus-ims.com/en/ndt-tutorials/phased-array/

I'm not certain of the historical derivation of A-scan -- the term was in use long before I started working with ultrasonics thirty years ago -- but I suspect that "amplitude scan" was informally abbreviated into A-scan, and then B-scan and C-scan followed in sequence as those plotting methods were developed. But there may be an NDT historian here who will correct me!

    
 
 
Ed Ginzel
R & D, -
Materials Research Institute, Canada, Joined Nov 1998, 1254

Ed Ginzel

R & D, -
Materials Research Institute,
Canada,
Joined Nov 1998
1254
23:45 Apr-29-2009
Re: UT Scans
In Reply to TomNelligan at 23:01 Apr-29-2009 .

Tom...I am not much longer in the industry than you but these terms were old even when I started. The terminology was already seen in the 1959 NDT Handbook by McMaster.

As for a description of the "scans" (imaging) these are well described in out NDT.net Encyclopaedia (the link is NDT by A - Z on the introduction page of this website).

    
 
 
S.V.Swamy
Engineering, - Material Testing Inspection & Quality Control
Retired from Nuclear Fuel Complex , India, Joined Feb 2001, 787

S.V.Swamy

Engineering, - Material Testing Inspection & Quality Control
Retired from Nuclear Fuel Complex ,
India,
Joined Feb 2001
787
04:32 Apr-30-2009
Re: UT Scans
In Reply to Ed Ginzel at 23:45 Apr-29-2009 .

I thought the A- of A-scan was because of the amplitude (the y - axis). Now, it looks as if A stands for the first scan developed. B and C scans came first in the medical field if I am not mistaken.

The A, B and C of the UT scans are like the alpha, beta and gamma rays of radioactivity, the first is alpha, the second is beta and the next gamma. Something unknown is the x-factor.

I would like some other veterans and researchers to dig into the history and throw more light.

Regards.

Swamy

    
 
 
mjafari
mjafari
10:07 Apr-30-2009
Re: UT Scans
In Reply to mjafari at 19:24 Apr-29-2009 (Opening).

Some say A is for Amplitude or Analog B is for brigthness and C is the next letter that was chosen.

    
 
 
Dave Lines
R & D,
Diagnostic Sonar Ltd, United Kingdom, Joined Nov 1998, 8

Dave Lines

R & D,
Diagnostic Sonar Ltd,
United Kingdom,
Joined Nov 1998
8
11:06 Apr-30-2009
Re: UT Scans
In Reply to mjafari at 10:07 Apr-30-2009 .

As a medical user, we'd understood that it was A=Amplitude, B=Brightness as adopted from the radar terminology - using their alternative term of brightness instead of PPI (plan position indicator).

Early medical was a follow-on from NDT ( see http://www.bmus.org/about-ultrasound/au-history.asp ) so I expect that the term A-scan was as likely to have come from NDT as from radar.

Dave

    
 
 

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